While seated, it may help to sip a glass of water, the Heart Healthy charity said. Dizziness can be a sign of low blood pressure or low blood sugar. However, if palpitations start to seep in, you should call NHS 111. There are other scenarios where you need to contact NHS 111 after a period of dizziness. This includes dizziness that doesn’t go away within a few minutes or if you start to experience chest pain.
Chest pain is one of the warning signs of a heart attack, which can last a few minutes or more.
“Typically, the pain feels like a heavy weight on the chest or pressure in the chest,” the charity explained.
However, there may be more of a “subtle chest discomfort or burning sensation” that is present in the middle of the chest.
Chest pain can also affect your upper body, such as your arms, back, and jaw.
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“Know that nausea and vomiting can be symptoms of a heart attack,” said the charity.
Other warning signs of a heart attack include:
- Shortness of breath
Why do heart attacks happen?
A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the organ is restricted; when there is a lack of oxygen and nutrients, heart tissue begins to die.
The NHS has confirmed that coronary artery disease “is the main cause of heart attack”.
Coronary artery disease is an example of cardiovascular disease, where a buildup of fatty deposits lines the arteries.
This narrows the passage through which blood can flow to reach vital organs.
Eventually, there may be enough fatty deposits to completely block the passage (ie the artery), restricting blood flow to the heart, for example.
Certain factors increase the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease. This includes:
- Arterial hypertension
- High cholesterol
- Family history of cardiovascular disease
- Unhealthy diet
- Excessive consumption of alcohol
“If you already have cardiovascular disease, staying as healthy as possible can reduce your chances of deterioration,” the NHS said.
This includes not smoking, eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight.
It is also important to reduce alcohol consumption and take any medication that has been prescribed for you to treat underlying health problems.
Ignoring these health recommendations only puts you at risk of losing your life.